Hormonal Changes in Men and Women: Understanding Menopause and Andropause

As we age, our bodies undergo a variety of changes, both positive and negative. Hormonal changes are a significant aspect of this aging process. Understanding the conditions linked to these hormonal shifts is crucial for both men and women, as it can have a profound impact on their lives. 

Differences between menopause vs andropause?

What is Menopause?

Menopause is a natural stage in a woman’s life where menstruation stops permanently due to a decline in the number of eggs in the ovaries. This typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55.

Menopause is diagnosed after a period of 12 months when a woman has missed menstruation for all 12 consecutive months. Before menopause, women may experience symptoms such as irregular periods, hot flashes, and mood swings.

To diagnose menopause, doctors typically measure levels of estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in the blood. Low levels of these hormones usually indicate menopause.

Symptoms of Menopause:

  • The end of menstruation
  • Hot flashes
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Low sex drive
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Weight gain
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Headache
  • Hair loss or thinning
  • Sore breasts
  • Dry skin
  • Mood swings
  • Lethargy

Menopause is a natural transition that can bring about a variety of symptoms that can be uncomfortable and affect one’s mood. A study of 106 postmenopausal women revealed that all participants experienced at least one of these symptoms.

Emotional issues, headaches, and lethargy were the most prevalent symptoms. While menopause symptoms are common, there are treatment options available to help manage and minimize these symptoms until the body establishes a new hormonal balance.

What is Andropause?

The hormone that gives men their deep voice, facial and body hair, and muscle mass is called testosterone. This declines with age, especially after the age of 30. This decline is typically gradual, occurring at a rate of approximately 1-2% per year.

The decrease in testosterone levels can eventually lead to andropause symptoms, which are most common in older men.

Symptoms of Andropause:

  • Baldness or thinning of hairline
  • Erectile problems
  • Hot flashes
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Low energy
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Increase in body fats

These symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so a blood test is essential to measure testosterone levels. Further tests may be necessary to rule out other causes. If no other causes are found, then a diagnosis of andropause is likely. A study of men with andropause in Arok found that low libido was the most common symptom.

The 3 Main Differences Between Menopause and Andropause

1. Menopause leads to infertility in women, whereas andropause does not

Menopause generally signifies the end of a woman’s reproductive years. The likelihood of conception plummets to near zero during menopause and remains an irreversible condition. Nevertheless, ongoing research and studies are exploring the potential for temporarily restoring fertility in postmenopausal women. 

While further research is needed, initial findings suggest that Platelet-Rich Plasma treatment may temporarily restore menstruation in menopausal women. One study participant, who had not experienced a period in five years, regained menstruation following treatment. If Platelet-Rich Plasma proves to be an effective treatment option for most women, it could revolutionize the management of infertility and alleviate the overall symptoms of menopause.

While andropause is often associated with impotence or erectile dysfunction, it does not directly impact a man’s fertility. Despite a decrease in testosterone production due to andropause, men remain capable of producing viable sperm for fertilization. While andropause may affect sexual function, it does not render men infertile.

Menopause and andropause differ markedly in this key aspect.

2. Hormone changes in menopause are rapid and significant, while those in andropause are gradual and persistent.

Women experiencing menopause undergo a swift and substantial decline in hormones associated with this phase. Within a few months of menopause, levels of estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, and follicle-stimulating hormones typically plummet, eventually leading to the cessation of ovulation.

However, the hormonal changes associated with andropause in men occur at a much slower pace, spanning years before a significant decline manifests in symptoms. Consequently, some men may never experience severe symptoms of andropause. Some men never experience any serious symptoms of this condition.

3. The Effects of Menopause on Women and Andropause on Men with Low Testosterone Levels

Due to the natural decline of ovarian function, menopause is an inevitable biological transition that all women will experience at some point in their lives. The average age for menopause is between 40 and 60, with 40 being considered early and 60 being considered late.

A study revealed that the average age of menopause varies across different regions. Women in Europe typically experience menopause around the age of 55, while those in North America and Asia tend to enter menopause earlier, at 51.4 and 51.1 years old, respectively. In Latin America, the average age of menopause is slightly lower at 48.6 years.

While some men may experience a decrease in testosterone levels as they age, this does not necessarily lead to andropause. In fact, most men do not experience a significant or rapid enough drop in testosterone to be diagnosed with andropause.


Understanding the signs and distinctions of these conditions can empower you to manage them effectively and appropriately in a timely manner. If you’re experiencing symptoms of menopause or andropause, consider taking supplements to ease your discomfort. Supplements may help to alleviate symptoms of menopause and andropause. Our expert agent at Byherbs is eager to provide you with more information. Contact us to learn more about our products.

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